Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

by: greenlemonade05
  1. 1

    What is the functional unit of the kidney?

  2. 2

    When measuring normal kidneys, there should be no more than a __ difference.

  3. 3

    Increased vascularity in the cortex makes it appear ___ to the medulla.

  4. 4

    Proximal convoluted tubules and glomerular capsules are located in what part of the kidney?

  5. 5

    Pyramids are located in what part of the kidney?

  6. 6

    Where in the kidney is the cortical thickness at its maximum?

  7. 7

    What separates the medulla from the cortex?

  8. 8

    What arteries are located at the base of the pyramids?

  9. 9

    What structure of the kidney is a vertical slit allowing ureters, vasculature, and lymphatics pass through?

  10. 10

    What structure collects urine from the Bowman's capsule?

  11. 11

    Through which arteriole does blood exit the Bowman's capsule?

  12. 12

    What type of nephron has a glomerulus located in the outer cortex?

  13. 13

    What type of nephron is the glomerulus closer to the corticomedullar junction?

  14. 14

    What is the term for modified cells adjacent to the afferent and efferent arterioles?

  15. 15

    The JGA produces ____ which is needed when blood pressure is _____.

  16. 16

    What is the name of the capillaries in the kidney that exchanged blood between the efferent arterioles and the interlobular vein?

  17. 17

    Which of the following is not a process of urine formation?

  18. 18

    What is found in urine that gives it an odor?

  19. 19

    Creatinine is a waste excreted through the urine from the:

  20. 20

    What causes vessel constriction to raise blood pressure?

  21. 21

    Which of the following is in order, from echogenic to hyperechoic?

  22. 22

    What makes the renal sinus echogenic?

  23. 23

    Walls of the bladder should measure less than:

  24. 24

    What is the name for the base of the bladder where the ureters enter?

  25. 25

    A post void residual is considered abnormal if greater than:

  26. 26

    If a patient had a severe decrease in fluid intake, you would expect to see the specific gravity:

  27. 27

    Oligohydramnios is indicative of:

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