GI Systems

by: greenlemonade05
  1. 1

    List the four layers of the GI tract from inner to outer:

  2. 2

    Where does the GI tract get its arterial blood flow?

  3. 3

    Where does blood from the GI tract drain into?

  4. 4

    Which of the following is not an accesory organ the the GI system?

  5. 5

    Which of the following is a function of the GI system?

  6. 6

    Digestion is a mechanical and a chemical process.

  7. 7

    Gastric juices in the stomach mix with food to form:

  8. 8

    Helps with the digestion of proteins:

  9. 9

    Activates enzymes:

  10. 10

    Coats the stomach lining from acidity:

  11. 11

    Needed for absorption of Vitamin B12:

  12. 12

    Which of the following is not a hormone of the GI system?

  13. 13

    Released from the stomach to stimulate secretion of hydrochloric acid:

  14. 14

    Released by the duodenum in the presence of fat, to regulate GB contraction:

  15. 15

    Released from small intestines, and is a natural antacid.

  16. 16

    Decreases the acidity of hydrochloric acid when entering the intestine:

  17. 17

    Which of the following is not a chemical process of the GI system:

  18. 18

    As food is broken down, nutrient molecules pass thru the intestinal walls into the blood and nerve systems.

  19. 19

    Proteins break down into:

  20. 20

    Fatty acids and glycerol are a result of the breakdown of:

  21. 21

    Carbohydrates break down to:

  22. 22

    Water and electrolytes are mainly absorbed in the:

  23. 23

    Total digestion from chewing through elimination is:

  24. 24

    Occult blood is:

  25. 25

    An infant is brought to the ER with projectile vomiting. Imaging tests show the infant does not have an espohagus. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

  26. 26

    A 56 year old man with known cirrhosis has an ultrasound that shows varicose veins on his esophagus. What is the most likely diagnosis?

  27. 27

    A patient presents with shortness of breath, indigestion, and heartburn. Endoscopy shows a protrustion of the stomach through the diaphragm. What is the diagnosis?

  28. 28

    A patient presents with dysphagia, vomiting, halitosis, and unexplained weight loss. X-ray shows an intrinsic mass of the esophagus. What is the diagnosis?

  29. 29

    A 21 year old female presents with hematemesis. She says she is a full time college student, drinks four cups of coffee a day, and smokes. She takes aspirin for headaches. Diagnosis?

  30. 30

    A patient presents with burning, indigestion, and hematemesis. Gastroscopy shows an erosion of the stomach. Diagnosis?

  31. 31

    A 3 month old male presents with projectile vomiting, palpable abdominal mass, dehydration, and weight loss. Ultrasound shows hyperplasia of pylorus muscle. Diagnosis?

  32. 32

    An 80 year old man presents with weight loss, pernicious anemia, heartburn, loss of appetite, and blood in his feces. Ultrasound shows a large mass in the stomach. Diagnosis?

  33. 33

    Patient with known pancreatic and liver disease presents with steathorrhea with foul odor. Diagnosis?

  34. 34

    What is a vascular tumor consisting of tiny dilated blood vessels that cause intestinal bleeding called?

  35. 35

    Decreased blood flow to segments of the intestine due to emboli or thrombus.

  36. 36

    Nonocclusive ischemic bowel disease is caused by atherosclerotic stenosis of the arteries.

  37. 37

    Saclike outpouching of any portion of the GI tract--becomes inflamed when impacted with fecal material and bacteria:

  38. 38

    Patient presents with abdominal cramping, tenderness, and fever. The physician prescribed antibiotics and a high fiber diet. What was the diagnosis?

  39. 39

    Chronic inflammatory disorder of the GI tract; involves inflammation of the entire bowel.

  40. 40

    Crohn's Disease causes:

  41. 41

    There is a known cure for Crohn's Disease.

  42. 42

    Patient presents with RLQ pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and leukocytosis. The patient was sent to surgery. What was the diagnosis?

  43. 43

    What is a complication of appendicitis?

  44. 44

    Which of the following are organic bowel obstructions?

  45. 45

    Bowel loops are twisted stopping the passage of intestinal contents and twisting the arteries and veins causing infarction to the tissue.

  46. 46

    Scar tissue causing an obstruction in the GI tract.

  47. 47

    Infolding or telescoping of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the next distal segment.

  48. 48

    If strangulation occurs in intussusception, gangrene can develop in as little as 6 hours leading to perforation and possible peritonitis.

  49. 49

    Intussusception is the most common cause of obstruction in an adult.

  50. 50

    Failure of the intestine to propel its contents due to diminished motility.

  51. 51

    A patient with paralytic ileus has constipation with no gas.

  52. 52

    How is paralytic ileus treated?

  53. 53

    95% of intestinal carcinomas are adenocarcinoma.

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